In the Maldives and some other countries like South Africa Australia, teachers previously concentrated on classroom teaching but due to the change brought to the curriculum, they are loaded with non-teaching duties like attending meetings and co-curricular activities. Prior to beginning the study, approval was attained from the Maldives National University. Teachers were struggling to go along with the Curriculum due to the changes in it. Therefore the participants have to be purely voluntary and complete description of the anticipation of the research is clearly outlined. It is because this does not do any research to add to content and makes the lesson more interesting. The literature has explored relevant information to the study. As theorist Fould(2002) state that if the curriculum changes, teachers need to be professionally developed. Due that teachers are unable to implement the curriculum successfully in the classroom. Curriculum Implementation Questionaire 1. It reviews theoretical foundations, which are important to s specific subject, and gives significant summery and assessment. All in all, there are many factors that influence curriculum implementation at any given time and situation. This chapter explains how the steps were followed in order to get the answer for the research question and to achieve the objectives of the study. In this instance, Grades 1 to 3 (key stage one) learners are the target group. If the interview instrument is used correctly and accurately, the information obtained from the interviewee should be precise and indicate sincerity. Negativity towards change, or concerns about the curriculum by some staff 1. It is logical to put learning targets requiring lower level skills before those requiring higher level skills, for example, teaching the children to … At the same time the study will guide the teachers to overcome the doubts and understating to face the enormous challenges in implementing the new curriculum. Atoll education Centre. Definition of Curriculum Implementation: This term refers to the act of working out the plans and suggestions that have been made by curriculum specialists and subject experts in a classroom or school setting. The following activity guides teachers through an analysis of their current health and physical education programme using a tracking sheet. In choosing a research method, the researcher must be aware of the difference between a qualitative research and quantitative research. • The study provides an understanding of the NCF and the challenges laid upon it, especially with regard to key stage one and how those challenges are handled by teachers. Writing (Grade 1) The visits are based on observation schedule to avoid interruption of smooth running of the teachers scheduled work. Teacher Beliefs, Knowledge, and Reported Practices Regarding Numeracy Outcomes in the Solomon Islands. Therefore, I believe that it is really essential to investigate the factors which make the implementation of new curriculum a challenge. The research method used in this research was well documented in the literature. Teachers almost stop doing any research to add content and make their lesson interesting; hence lack of time was affecting factors for the teachers in implementing a curriculum effectively. Credibility and dependability are closely correlated. *You can also browse our support articles here >, To investigate factors which make the process of curriculum implementation a challenge for teachers of the selected school, To find out teachers’ opinion about the factors which make the process of curriculum implementation a challenge for them. As Asebiomo (2009) has said, “no matter how well formulated a curriculum may be, its effective implementation is a sine qua non toward achieving the desired goals of education”. Punch (2005) stated that interviews are one of the most essential ways of gathering data for qualitative research. Through the qualitative research design to explore factors which exist in making the curriculum implementation as challenge, I believe the research will reveal some necessary information for school leaders, policy makers and teacher educators about the process of curriculum implementation. Furthermore in the same research they have said that teachers are unable to produce work of high quality and improve their teaching and produce professional material due to the non-formal activities. Collecting data, analysing and reporting the findings will be done by the researcher. The study is to find out the factors which make the implementation of the new curriculum a challenge for Key Stage One teachers’ of Lh. Data collection techniques and the research procedure are discussed in detail. In their findings they have mentioned the shortage of resources, teacher training programmes and lack of support from the management and workload of teachers. The rationale of the research explained the reason of choosing the topic and the worthiness of the research. Through the programmes conducted to expand their knowledge, skill, attitude and values, upgrading teachers should be an ongoing process to enhance their teaching skill and knowledge so that they will be able to teach learners more successfully. (1998 – 2010 THEMALDIVES.COM | Maldives), According to Rose (2008) education should prepare learners for life after school, allowing them on completion of their basic education to function and compete in the work environment, preparing them to join the work force. According to Yin (20107, p, 34), a research methodology or design is essentially the logic that links the data to be collected and the conclusion to be drawn to the initial research question. Currently, some of the teachers in the selected school are contract teachers who were not trained or not have attended any orientation programmes. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this dissertation are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of For example, even with the emphasis given on the importance on building skillful leaners through active learning in the new curriculum, most of the teachers are not familiar with this context and the methodology that should be applied. Ethical consideration cannot be an additional extra one because for research to be truly ethical those consideration need to be built in from the whole process. Academic and non-academic competitions held in Maldivian schools are intended to bring out the talent, confidence and the leadership of the students, but what is practiced in the Maldivian context is unhealthy in many ways. Therefore, it can be said that it is a system of varying activities involved in translating curriculum design in to classroom activities and changing pupil’s attitude to accept and get involved in these activities .However, as curriculum implementers, teachers faced many barriers which hinder the successful implementation of the new curriculum. Therefore, for the study participants are carefully selected. However, the study had certain limitations. Teachers’ workload has significant effect on academic achievement of students since it determines effectiveness in teaching. For this research the chosen technique are semi-structure, face-to-face, individual interview and observation. Call to Action: Mobilising Citizens to Build South African Education and Training for the 21st Century. Impact is about pupil progress and achievement, recognising that good outcomes are not just measured in qualifications but in how well pupils are developed as well-rounded citizens. The design of the research gives indication of the preparation of the research process and how the researcher is going to get verification on the answer to the research question. Enlist support from other staff, guidance staff, BOT, RTLBs, SES. Think about how well the statements describe the environment in which you work. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. The result and the findings of this study completely depend on the response from participants. Default Section Question Title * 1. A number of education policies, aimed at transforming the education in Maldives have been introduced. Unpublished Masters Thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. 2011). However, it makes it very profitable for curriculum makers to actively engage in this elusive process of supporting implementation The researcher is well known by school management and the participants with whom she worked. In the Primary Phase we use the White Rose material for our daily maths lessons and we assess using PUMA standardised materials alongside teacher assessment. “Change is a journey, not a blue print” (Fullan,1993,p:24) adds to this the fact the researcher is dealing with mix of people interacting in a given place and time at various stage of dealing with change which feeds and influences further change. Curriculum implementation which is at the center of the curriculum process is the stage where all the curriculum contents are made to come in contact with students through the various activities of the teachers and other agents. how the intended curriculum is translated into practice and actually delivered. How often do they attend professional development programs in relation to curriculum implementation? Teachers are expected to handle complex and private issues of individual learners. The researcher may notice what the participant says, and what happens in reality may differ. The eight principles of NCF, that is; Practicing Islam, Identity and culture, Human rights, Democracy and Justice, Holistic Development, Personal Excellence, Inclusivity, Preparation For Life And Relevance address the key concerns that are unique to the Maldivian context. Even though curriculum implementation varies by state and district, most follow a similar process as seen in diagram 1. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - All Answers Ltd is a company registered in England and Wales. The finding of the study on implementation of Outcome Based Curriculum done by Erden(2010:36 ) shows that teachers of South Africa feel that the new teaching method causes excess and unnecessary work for the teachers. As Mertens (2005) states, ethics need to be a fundamental part of the complete research package and not just added on. Participants are asked to check and ensure all the information are correctly present. According to the current policy of Ministry of Education, these programmes would provide secure job opportunities in various fields upon completion of Secondary School especially for the low achievers. E.g. The interviewer is able enter into and better understand the interviewee’s perceptions, insights, perspectives and state of mind (Patton, 1990:196). Ono and Ferreira (2010:60) commented that professional development is carried in the structure of “workshop ,Seminar, Conference, or courses”. Therefore those teachers did not want to accept the New Curriculum. For example, in the Philippines, the curriculum being implemented by the Department of Education (DepEd) or the Commission on Higher Education (CHEd) is an example of a recommended curriculum. They bring their expertise, knowledge and experience to the classroom teaching. See the files below to download a single template or the zipped folder of the whole collection. The National Curriculum Frame work comprises Subject Statements, each containing a definition, purpose, scope, educational and career links, learning outcomes, assessment standards and subject competence descriptions per grade, content and contexts for attaining the assessment standard. It clearly describes factors which make the implementation of curriculum challenging to the teachers. The successful implementation of the New curriculum depends how prepared the teachers are. According to Cohen et al (2007:396) observation as a research instrument lets the researcher to collect “live” data from a natural venue and the researcher can see exactly what is happening. The teachers are the key players in making the classroom learning as outcome-based learning. Unpublished Masters Thesis, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg. A major function of the curriculum council is to develop a sequence and review cycle . It takes time and persistence. According to Wellington (2000,p.56) the ethical protocols for every aspect of the research must be clear. And also it includes information regarding the time, date and setting and room for observer to have descriptive and reflective notes. These schools were at different stages of implementation, and all considered that they were engaged in an ongoing process. Therefore to avoid such things, the Education system of Maldives has undergone a dynamic transitional period. This research addressed the concern of trustworthiness by looking at what Guba (1981) mentions as the criteria vital to ensuring that qualitative research is trustworthy. For example, a typical 5-year cycle is illustrated in Exhibit 10.1. As Lucas (1997) has stated, a narrative may, thus, be ‘any extended segment of talk in which an interviewee is telling a story’. Teachers may need to approach these people personally before introducing curriculum to others. 2010. After getting verbal approval of willingness to be involved in the interview, each participant is given a set of questions that is to be asked in the interview and a “Consent Form’ (Appendix—) so that they could go through and have clear understanding of it prior to my arrival to conduct the interview. Planning and preparation is the main dilemma that teachers experienced. Many reported increased confidence in planning, assessment and reporting. In some … Long-term Impact or Outcome: The possible effect or result if the project period goal is achieved. The NCF contains policy statements for learning and teaching for each key stage in terms of objectives, outcomes and assessments standards. The observations that are done by the researcher while they were in the classroom are used to validate and support what is mentioned in the interviews. To carry out the roles effectively, the teachers must have the required knowledge and skills. Appropriate supply of trained teachers is therefore, is a factor that makes the implementation of the curriculum a challenge for the teachers. Therefore ,it is important for the teachers to understand the content included in the curriculum and to know the best practices in its delivery to the students. ETHICAL CONSIDERATION AND TRUSTWORTHINESS. In the situation of this study, the teachers of the selected school are those affected by curriculum changes and the associated challenges. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on RATIONALE AND THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY. The complexity of the implementation process makes predictions of success risky. THE ROLE OF THE RESERACHER AND RESEARCHER ASSUMPTIONS. The traditional system of education that has developed for centuries composed of three types of institution: Kiyavaage, Makthab, and Madharsaa. Sub-questions which help to manipulate answer for the overarching question are: Initially, the teachers of the sample are given semi-structured interview form which has a set of predetermined, guided questions but some questions allow the teacher to respond freely. Disclaimer: This dissertation has been written by a student and is not an example of our professional work, which you can see examples of here. HINNAVARU/MALDIVES. The Ministry of Education, the Commission on Higher Education, or any professional organization can recommend and implement a curriculum. Therefore, lot of responsibilities are assigned to teachers to take inside and outside of the classroom. New Delhi: Sage Publications. However, this change is not seen from the selected school teachers. Information regarding the research project, the topic and the reason for the research are relayed. Stakeholders are individuals or institutions that are interested in the school curriculum. Bantwini, B.D. The National Curriculum Framework (NCF) is the most important policy outlined to support and facilitate quality education for the Maldives. As far as possible, new materials should have a bearing on what learners already know. Iterative questioning i.e. Adequate information about the data are communicated allowing the reader to have a good understanding and to make evaluation and comparison. Limited resources, time and financial constraints restricted the researcher to study one school in the Atoll. Asmal, K. 1999. According to Kumar(2011), “Observation is a purposeful ,systematic and selected ways of watching and listening to an interaction or phenomenon as it takes place.”(p.140). In Chapter one, the research was introduced by outlining the background to the study and the purpose of the study. In some cases, the targets themselves may form a definite sequence or hierarchy when … The answer is simple! The name of the school where the research is conducted and the number of participants involved are mentioned. According to the article no: 36 of Maldivian constitution, Primary education is compulsory for all children. The main conceptual assumption of this study is based on the following three factors. Factors related to the production of the curriculum or Student related such as content of the curriculum, readiness of the students for the change. Obtaining permission from higher authority to conduct the research and to get access to the teachers as participants of the research also lies on researchers head. In order to provide quality education, intensive change to the curriculum has been brought by the government of the Maldives in the year 2014. In this research can be used to assist other school teachers who are teaching in stage. Process between those who have created the program and those who are experiencing similar circumstance environment in learning! 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