Pennsylvania’s rich history spans five centuries and is woven into the fabric of our nation’s founding. 10 Best Yoga Poses For Relaxation For Moms, 10 Best Pre/Play Schools In Noida For Your Kids, 10 Best Pre/Play Schools In Indore For Kids, 10 Best Pre Schools In Ahmedabad For Your Kids, 10 Best Pre/Play Schools In Pune For Kids, The Pennsylvania colony was initially called the, The British owned nearly all land to the east of New Sweden. The state was named in honor of William Penn. When Welsh members of Parliament objected, Charles II renamed the territory Pennsylvania. Two of the most important documents to shape American history were both written and signed in Philadelphia. Average temperatures were around 50 degrees F. Summers were shorter and winters more severe in the upland … In this guide . Pennsylvania is 170 miles (274 km) north to south and 283 miles (455 km) east to west. In 1681, when King Charles II granted William Penn, a Quaker, the vast tract of land that includes present-day Pennsylvania, the grant had strings attached: Penn was required to repay … In March 1681 the king agreed to grant young William, the admiral's heir, proprietary ownership of the lands west of the Delaware River and north of the Maryland border in exchange for canceling the old debt. Riza Nugraha. Here Are 20 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Pennsylvania You might think you know your home state like the back of your hand, but think again. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was proudly founded by William Penn in 1681. The colony was well-advertised, and by 1700 it was the third-biggest and the richest colony in the New World. Founding of Pennsylvania (January 5). Penn allowed for a representative assembly elected by landowners. In 1681, William Penn, a Quaker, was given a land grant from King Charles II, who owed money to Penn's deceased father. The king granted the land ‘west of New Jersey’ to repay a debt of £16,000, which he took from William Penn’s father. Penn Recieves Pennsylvania 3/4/1681. This database, originally published as three volumes in 1911, is a collection of genealogical records regarding these early families. Interesting Pennsylvania Colony Facts: The land that became the Pennsylvania Colony had been in dispute for many years by the English, Dutch, and the Swedes. He used his inherited wealth … In 1681, Charles II of England, gave the land to William Penn. Instead, Penn is a, Commodities traded by the colony included, The presence of several streams in the colony led to the sprouting up of many Hydroelectric-powered, By the time of the American Revolutionary War in 1775, Pennsylvania was the, Each American colony of its time had an official church, but William Penn, The liberal religious policies of the colony, Some notable persons from Pennsylvania were, Philadelphia in Pennsylvania colony was the location for the. In 1681, William Penn was given a large area of land by King Charles II of England. It is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Pennsylvania During the American Revolution, Founding and History of the New Jersey Colony, Major Events That Led to the American Revolution, Colonial Governments of the Original 13 Colonies, The Most Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution, William Penn's Experiment in the Wilderness: Promise and Legend, William Penn and Toleration: Foundations of Colonial Pennsylvania. State of Pennsylvania Historical Facts. If you want to know the complete story of the Pennsylvania colony, read this MomJunction article. Mar 04 In the year 1681 king Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Penn . The king changed the name to Pennsylvania, in honor of the admiral. This region has played a major role in Pennsylvania history. Pennsylvania was a significant colony in colonial America and was a major center for the American Revolutionaries. In 1681 England’s King Charles II repaid a debt by granting William Penn a massive piece of land that became known as Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania State History. Four major Indian groups occupied Pennsylvania at the time of European arrival: the Delaware , the Susquehanna, the Shawnee, and various segments of the Iroquois Confederacy. In 1688, the first written protest against enslavement in North America was created and signed by the Quakers in Germantown. The coastal plain region, low-lying hills and river valleys of Pennsylvania were notable for their long summers and mild winters. Here are some of the most interesting Pennsylvania facts you’ll find on the internet. It would not be until 1703 that Delaware would separate itself from Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Colony was named by King Charles II after William Penn's father Admiral Sir William Penn, and the Latin word meaning woodland - Sylvania. There the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776 and the U.S. Constitution drawn up in 1787. Pennsylvania State History. England acquired the region in 1664 with the capture of New York, and in 1681 Pennsylvania was granted to William Penn, a Quaker, by King Charles II. When the first European settlers arrived, Pennsylvania was home to several Stone Age tribes of Native Americans, mainly the Delawares, Susquehannocks, Shawnees and Iroquois. In November 1682 the first 3 Pennsylvania counties formed were Bucks, Chester and Philadelphia Counties. Pennsylvania's history extends back some 15,000 years to when the first people settled there. The Keystone State A "keystone" is a central, wedge-shaped stone which holds all the other stones of a structure in place to form an arch. ", ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Immediately inland from the Coastal Plain is the Piedmont province, a gently rolling, well-drained plain that is rarely more than 500 feet (150 metres) above sea level; the eastern part is the Piedmont Upland. The founding of Pennsylvania, about 40,000 square miles, was confirmed to William Penn under the Great Seal on January 5, 1681. England acquired the region in 1664 with the capture of New York, and in 1681 Pennsylvania was granted to William Penn, a Quaker, by King Charles II. The Articles of Confederation were also drafted in Pennsylvania, the document that formed the basis of the new Confederation that was created at the end of the Revolutionary War. Penn's goal with Pennsylvania was to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion. He named the land Pennsylvania after his family name "Penn" and after the forests in the land ("sylvania is "forest land" in Latin). The Pennsylvania Colony lasted until December 12, 1787, when the State of Pennsylvania was created as the 2nd state. In 1681, as payment for an $80,000 debt, Charles II granted the area that is now Pennsylvania to William Penn, who originally called it New Wales. The Pennsylvania Colony was dominated by the Quaker religious beliefs and values. At the time of the first European settlement in 1682, the land surface of Pennsylvania was covered entirely by trees. In Latinthis is "Pennsylvania". In the early 1600s the English, Dutch, and Swedes disputed the right to the region of Pennsylvania. By about 1900 some three-fourths of the land had been cleared of forests, principally for farmland. Welcome to Pennsylvania, the birthplace of independence and the Constitution. Philadelphia was founded in 1682, and quickly grew into the largest city in colonial America. In 1681, as payment for an $80,000 debt, Charles II granted the area that is now Pennsylvania to William Penn, who originally called it New Wales. BY Mark Mancini . They arrived in 1643. Read about all of Pennsylvania's official things below and find out more Pennsylvania history and ways to experience Pennsylvania's heritage today. It was founded under a charter given to William Penn. The History of Pennsylvania begins in 1681 when William Penn received a royal charter from King Charles II of England, although human activity in the region precedes that date. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Pensylvania. Settled in 1681 by Quakers, Pennsylvania played a vital role in revolutionary America. Georgia is the youngest of the 13 states that formed the United States originally. Despite high social position and an excellent education, he shocked his upper-class associates by his conversion to the beliefs of the Society of Friends, or Quakers, then a persecuted sect. The the Pennsylvania Colony, aka Province of Pennsylvania, was founded on March 4, 1681. History. Pennsylvania Butterfly Gallery : Pennsylvania Resorts : Pennsylvania RV Parks: Pennsylvania territory was disputed in the early 1600s among the Dutch, the Swedes, and the English. Freedom of worship and religion was granted to all citizens. 1. In addition, the General Assembly adopted the Great Law, which provided for the liberty of conscience in terms of religious affiliations. This information is for educational purposes only and not a substitute for professional health services. In 1681, William Penn, a Quaker, was given a land grant from King Charles II, who owed money to Penn's deceased father. William Penn, a Quaker and the state's founder, guaranteed religious freedom to everyone. The area was later ruled by the Netherlands and Great Britain. The American Revolutionary War between the. The colony was well-advertised, and by 1700 it was the third-biggest and the richest colony in the … This allowed for a growing season of 5-7 months. The Pennsylvania Colony lasted until December 12, 1787, when the State of Pennsylvania was created as the 2nd state. Penn was granted the charter as a place for Quakers to settle. The state was named in honor of William Penn.The capital is Harrisburg and the official state website is www.pa.gov.. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was proudly founded by William Penn in 1681. The First and Second Continental Congresses were convened in Philadelphia. Nicholas A. Tonelli. The Revolutionary War 1775 - 1783. By 1683, the Second General Assembly created the Second Frame of Government. Swedes (1643), Dutch (1647), and others were the first European settlers. Mar 10 English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania in the year 1681. Pennsylvania MC Carlton the ruffed grouse flies with Barry the bald eagle around the historic state of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania was attmited as a state on December 12, 1787. It's also the reason that one of the state's nicknames is the "Quaker State." On March 4, 1681, King Charles II signed the royal grant that gave William Penn the land of Pennsylvania. Since then, vast areas of farmland have been abandoned, and much of … The first European settlers in Pennsylvania were from Sweden. Charles II, King of England owed money to Penn’s family. Philadelphia was the seat of the federal government almost continuously from 1776 to 1800; there the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776 and the U.S. Constitution drawn up in 1787. The first European settlers in Pennsylvania were from Sweden. Pennsylvania played an extremely important role in the American Revolution. These include the Delaware, Susquehanna, and Iroquois. It was the site of William Penn’s settlement and the initial city of Philadelphia. It held the colonies together like the "keystone" in a window or door arch. Mar 04 King Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Pennsylvania on this day in history. 3. It was founded in 1682 by the English Quaker William Penn. It was a logical choice for the First and Second … 28 Home Remedies To Get Relief From Vomiting And Nausea During Pregnancy, 18 Early Signs & Symptoms Of Pregnancy After Missed Period, 30 Best Pregnancy Books For To-Be Moms And Dads of 2021. Penn was greatly aided in securing the charter by his friendship with the king and other high officials of the court. However, the British defeated the Dutch in 1664 and took control over the area. Georgia has more soil types than any other state. 1681: Founding of Pennsylvania (January 5). Pennsylvania Colony Counties. The Pennsylvania Colony was a royal colony. Pennsylvania State Facts . The state of Pennsylvania was originally a private land that was later transformed into a bustling colony. Penn's goal with Pennsylvania was to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion. The land was to be called Pennsylvania. State of Pennsylvania Historical Facts. From the very beginning Pennsylvania asserted itself as an independent territory. Find out more about the official emblems, symbols, and inventions that have come to represent Pennsylvania. The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was founded by William Penn after receiving a land grant from Charles II of England in 1681. Getty Images . In 1913 the first automobile service station opened in Pittsburgh. In 1681, when King Charles II granted William Penn, a Quaker, the vast tract of land that includes present-day Pennsylvania, the grant had strings attached: Penn was required to repay the king by sending him two beaver pelts a year! When Markham arrived on the western shore of the Delaware River, however, he found that the region was already inhabited by Europeans. Foundation and early settlement William Penn acquired the province of Pennsylvania in 1681 from King Charles II of England as a place where his fellow Quakers could enjoy freedom of worship and a chance to govern themselves and develop their own way of life. First brick house erected in this country (Penn's house). In 1681, William Penn was given a large area of land by King Charles II of England. About Pennsylvania Founding Families, 1681-1911. Of a total 46,055 square miles (119,282 km 2), 44,817 square miles (116,075 km 2) are land, 490 square miles (1,269 km 2) are inland waters, and 749 square miles (1,940 km 2) are waters in Lake Erie. Several places of historical significance like the Independence Hall, continue to exist today, thus adding to the rich cultural history of today’s Pennsylvania state. In 1681, Charles II of England, gave the land to William Penn. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, many important and prominent families established themselves in the colony. Mar 10 English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania in the year 1681. In 1681, Pennsylvania was granted to a Quaker named William Penn by King Charles II, the King of England as a means of settling a loan with Penn's father. 1682: First brick house erected in this country (Penn's house). The capital is Harrisburg and the official state website is www.pa.gov. [1] 2. The Pennsylvania Colony was founded by William Penn and others in 1682. The constitution was drafted at the Independence Hall in Philadelphia. He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government. The area was home to the Lenape, Susquehannock, Iroquois, Erie, Shawnee, Arandiqiouia, and other American Indian tribes. Find out more about the official emblems, symbols, and inventions that have come to represent Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania MC Carlton the ruffed grouse flies with Barry the bald eagle around the historic state of Pennsylvania. The state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. In 1712, the trade of enslaved people was outlawed in Pennsylvania. Philadelphia was the seat of the federal government almost continuously from 1776 to 1800. The two birds fly to the Alleghenies, the Appalachians, and the Poconos—all mountain ranges in a state that's full of history and natural wonders. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Pensylvania. The oldest gas station in the US is located in Altoona. As William Penn was a Quaker, he encouraged certain religious groups to settle here which is why there is still such as strong Amish community in Lancaster County. However, the British defeated the Dutch in 1664 and took control over the area. The Pennsylvania colony was one of the 13 original British colonies that became the United States of America. Do let us know your experience in the comment section below. These … Each presentation will offer insight into the people, places, and culture that existed in Pennsylvania during the 17th and 18th century. Mar 04 King Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Pennsylvania on this day in history. Thi… The Quakers were among the most radical of the English Protestant sects that had sprung up in the 17th century. In November 1682 the first 3 Pennsylvania counties formed were Bucks, Chester and Philadelphia Counties. The colony saw an inflow of people from several parts of the world, which brought diversity in the economy too. The Seven Years War 1756 - 1763. The area was home to the Lenape, Susquehannock, Iroquois, Erie, Shawnee, Arandiqiouia, and other American Indian tribes. In 1682, William Penn arrived in Pennsylvania on a ship called the "Welcome." he Pennsylvania Colony, aka Province of Pennsylvania, was founded on March 4, 1681. We give you 41 interesting facts about how the Pennsylvania colony came into existence, its people, and its unification into the USA. The Pennsylvania Colony was also called the Province of Pennsylvania. England acquired the region in 1664 with the capture of New York, and in 1681 Pennsylvania was granted to William Penn, a Quaker, by King Charles II. Indian-brokered alliances more than Quaker pacifism anchored the “long peace” in the decades that followed Pennsylvania’s founding in 1681. The declaration of independence led to the American Revolutionary War. Philadelphia was founded in 1682, and quickly grew into the largest city in colonial America. William Penn wrote, "This day my country was confirmed to me by the name of Pennsylvania, a name the King would give it, in honour of my father." The English seized control of the region in 1664, and in 1681 King Charles II of England signed a charter giving the region to William Penn. Blairsville is the place to go for people who love sorghum. He quickly instituted the First Frame of Government and created three counties: Philadelphia, Chester, and Bucks. [ Read: Facts About The Great Wall Of China ]. All rights reserved. 2nd State (December 12, 1787), the northeast U.S. State Abbreviation: PA Capital: Harrisburg Origin of name: It means Penn's Woodland. Indian-brokered alliances more than Quaker pacifism anchored the “long peace” in the decades that followed Pennsylvania’s founding in 1681. William Penn was given the land that would become Pennsylvania by King Charles II in 1681 to satisfy a debt the king had with Penn’s father. It started in a garbage … In 1909 the first baseball stadium was built in Pittsburgh. Rich in historic lore, Pennsylvania territory was disputed in the early 1600s among the Dutch, the Swedes, and the English. There are always new and interesting things to learn about the place you call home– from historical facts, to weird laws, to state firsts, here are some quirky and fun things you may not have known about Pennsylvania. Numerous key battles and events of the war occurred in the colony, including the crossing of the Delaware River, the Battle of Brandywine, the Battle of Germantown, and the winter encampment at Valley Forge. Its biggest city of Philadelphia was once the capital of the United States. Origin of the Name Pennsylvania… Penn used the land to create a home for Quakers. Pennsylvania: History. First settled by Dutch traders, Pennsylvania was chartered to William Penn in 1681. The the Pennsylvania Colony, aka Province of Pennsylvania, was founded on March 4, 1681. That's the reason the Quakers first fled to Pennsylvania in 1681 -- they wanted to escape religious persecution. The two birds fly to the Alleghenies, the Appalachians, and the Poconos—all mountain ranges in a state that's full of history and natural wonders. The history of this place began in 1681 when William Penn was given a royal charters from King Charles II of England. The charter was issued in 1681. Philadelphia Firsts 1681-1899. Pennsylvania’s rich history spans five centuries and is woven into the fabric of our nation’s founding. Penn and the Quakers found refuge from religious persecution here, and the land became a haven for others too, including Mennonites and Amish. The History of Pennsylvania begins in 1681 when William Penn received a royal charter from King Charles II of England, although human activity in the region precedes that date. Penn sought a colony in America—what he called a "holy experiment"—to protect himself and fellow Quakers from persecution. Did you know that of the original thirteen colonies, Pennsylvania is the only that does not border the … Pennsylvania was the second American state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1787. Swedes and Finns continued to arrive and settle in what would become Pennsylvania. It led to the, The name Pennsylvania is a combination of two words: ‘Penn’ and, It is said that William Penn wanted to name the colony, Another theory behind the name is that the ‘Penn’ in Pennsylvania does not come from Sir William Penn’s surname. Part of present-day Pennsylvania was actually included in the territory named New Sweden that had been founded by Swedish settlers in 1638. State Motto Virtue, Liberty, and Independence. First settled by Dutch traders, Pennsylvania was chartered to William Penn in 1681. Pennsylvania is the birthplace of a lot of America’s favorite junk food. Pennsylvania came into being in 1681 after the British monarch gave a land grant to William Penn. 6. In 1682 the English duke of York had leased to Penn the Three Lower Counties (now Delaware) along the west bank of the Delaware River and Bay. William Penn wrote, "This day my country was confirmed to me by the name of Pennsylvania, a name the King would give it, in honour of my father." Immediately, Penn sent his cousin William Markham to the territory to take control of it and be its governor. (The others are Kentucky, Virginia, and Massachusets.) The history of Pennsylvania begins in 1681 when William Penn received a royal deed from King Charles II of England, although human activity in the region precedes that date, like in 1643, when the area was first colonized by the Dutch.The area was home to the Lenape, Susquehannock, Iroquois, Erie, Shawnee, Arandiqiouia, and other American Indian tribes. Nickname: Keystone State. In 1681, as payment for the debt, the king granted what is today Pennsylvania to the admiral's son, also named William Penn. Please read our Disclaimer. Centralia, Pennsylvania, caught fire in 1962 and has been burning ever since. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, many important and prominent families established themselves in the colony. Pennsylvania was one of the Middle colonies, along with New York, New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. Its biggest city of Philadelphia was once the capital of the United States. PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY: THE QUAKER PROVINCE: 1681-1776 William Penn and the Quakers Penn was born in London on October 24, 1644, the son of Admiral Sir William Penn. Have you been to Pennsylvania? England acquired the region in 1664 with the capture of New York, and in 1681 Pennsylvania was granted to William Penn, a Quaker, by King Charles II. Any Swedish settlers were to become English subjects, seeing that the English were now in a majority in the colony. Pennsylvania Colony Counties. When he called a General Assembly to meet in Chester, the assembled body decided that the Delaware counties should be joined with those of Pennsylvania and that the governor would preside over both areas. Native American-Pennsylvania Relations 1681-1753. The Pennsylvanian Period lasted from 320 to 286 million years ago. Pennsylvania was home to many Native American groups before Europeanssettled there. Declaration of Independence. This territory was then surrendered to the Dutch in 1655 when Peter Stuyvesant sent a large force to invade. The early history of Pennsylvania was closely associated with that of Delaware. The land became known as "Penn's Woods", as Pennsylvania has many forests. Mar 04 In the year 1681 king Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Penn . Explorations were confined to the Delaware River vicinity, where fur trading with the Native Americans was carried on. Together Sylvania and Penn form … Pennsylvanian Period. When Welsh members of Parliament objected, Charles II renamed the territory Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania is the first state of the fifty United States to list their web site URL on a license plate. Named in honor of Admiral Sir. This is where the Declaration of Independence was written and signed. The land grant was made in exchange for paying of the King’s debt. Penn named the territory New Wales. Pennsylvania was home to many Native American groups before Europeans settled there. Immediately, Penn sent his cousin William Markham to the territory to take control of it and be its governor. These include the Delaware, Susquehanna, and Iroquois. Penn induced people to emigrate, the terms being 40 shillings per hundred acres, and "shares" of 5,000 acres for 100 pounds. A Welsh member of England?s Privy Council objected, so Penn called it Sylvania (woods). This database, originally published as three volumes in 1911, is a collection of genealogical records regarding these early families. The Declaration of … Hershey is considered the Chocolate Capital of the United States. He named the land Pennsylvania after his family name "Penn" and after the forests in the land ("sylvania is "forest land" in Latin). The Pennsbury Society is happy to present a monthly Conversations in History program to be held at Historic Pennsbury Manor. 2nd Month Pregnancy Diet: What To Eat And Avoid? In 1682, William Penn founded the Province of Pennsylvania as a refuge for fellow persecuted Quakers. The area was later ruled by the Netherlands and Great Britain. Major Events in the History of Pennsylvania. [1] 3. William Penn, father of William Penn.. Motto: Virtue, Liberty, Independence Nickname: Keystone State (During colonial times Pennsylvania was the middle colony of the original 13 colonies. A short list of Pennsylvania … Pennsylvania was attmited as a state on December 12, 1787. See a medical professional for personalized consultation. 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